New Zealand faces a substantially more challenging and complex strategic environment than it has for decades.
The 2021 Defence Assessment sets out four interests that we are using as the basis for our policy review:
Secure and resilient at home;
A stable and secure region composed of sovereign and resilient states;
A strong international rules-based system; and
Strong international security partnerships and alliances.
We judge that the principal challenges to New Zealand’s security interests, now and over the coming decades, will be:
These challenges are playing out globally, including in New Zealand’s immediate neighbourhood (from Antarctica through to the South Pacific), with direct implications for New Zealand’s security and wellbeing.
Strategic competition and climate change, as well as the continuing impacts of COVID-19, intersect with, and are amplified by, a range of other sources of insecurity. To respond to these challenges, it is recommended that New Zealand’s defence policy be reviewed.