Defence Assessment 2021: he moana pukepuke e ekengia e te waka
Defence Assessment 2021: he moana pukepuke e ekengia e te waka / a rough sea can still be navigated was released on 8 December 2021 by the Secretary of Defence alongside the Minister of Defence.
The document provides a comprehensive review of the challenges to New Zealand’s strategic defence interests, as well as defence officials’ advice to Government on changing New Zealand’s defence policy settings.
Defence Assessment 2021 concludes that two major challenges will have the greatest impact on New Zealand’s security interests over the next 20 years. These are:
strategic competition; and,
the impacts of climate change.
To respond to these challenges, Defence Assessment 2021 recommends New Zealand’s defence policy should shift from a predominantly reactive risk management-centred approach to one based on a more deliberate and proactive strategy.
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